Cartier Tank Francaise Mens Silver Dial Stainless Steel Automatic Watch
Many Phonetician and Hellenic artisans were taken back to Rome as slaves, taking their Cartier Tank Francaise Mens Silver Dial Stainless Steel Automatic Watch W51002Q3 skills with them. The Romans brought mass production to glass, in the 1st Century AD they started using metal tubes for glass blowing, it quicker and easier than ever before to make glass objects. The increased demand led them to build kilns in coastal areas which were abundant in raw materials and fuel for *** the raw glass. The raw glass was then taken by ships into the cities to be worked by the artisans. This lowered the cost of glass even more, Cartier Tank Francaise Mens Silver Dial Stainless Steel Automatic Watch W51002Q3 available to the masses, and glass jewelry became an economic alternative to precious stones and metals.With the fall of the the Roman Empire, Western Europe plunged into the dark ages. The production of fine glassware continued in Constantinople, capital of the former Eastern Empire, later know as the Byzantine Empire. The Venetian Republic gained its power and status in the same period. Constantinople was the largest and most important city in Europe at the time, and Western Europe was embroiled in Tribal battles and feudal systems. Venice was naturally positioned between the two worlds, allowing Venetian merchants to ply their trade along the Adriatic coasts and into the Eastern Mediterranean.By the 11th Century Venice was one of the most important and rich city states in Europe, and, with Venetian Republic help, in 1204 the Crusaders sacked Constantinople. Many artists and craftsmen fled to what is now Italy, especially Florence and Venice. Many historians believe that this was an event that helped trigger the Renaissance period, the rebirth of Western European culture. The Byzantine glass workers found a good home in Venice. The fine quality of the local sand, a fledging glass industry, and the flamboyant nature of the many wealthy families, made the city fertile ground for high quality artistic glasswork. Within a short time there was a thriving and expanding glass industry, goods not purchased locally were exported by the traders.In 1291, the Grand Council of Venice forced the glassworkers to move out of the city, and encouraged them to settle on the nearby island of Murano. The official reason was the fire risk from the furnaces and kilns, but subsequent events suggest the real motive was part of a plan to build a center of excellence for glass working Cartier Tank Francaise Mens Silver Dial Stainless Steel Automatic Watch W51002Q3.